Caswell County Genealogy
 

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Yancey, Ann Elizabeth

Female 1821 - 1900  (79 years)


Personal Information    |    Media    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Yancey, Ann Elizabeth  [1, 2
    Birth 15 Jun 1821  Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Female 
    Reference Number 3234 
    Death 20 Jul 1900  Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Burial Yancey Family Cemetery, Yanceyville, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I3194  Caswell County
    Last Modified 24 Feb 2024 

    Father Yancey, Bartlett,   b. 19 Feb 1785, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 30 Aug 1828, Yanceyville, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 43 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Graves, Ann,   b. 3 Dec 1786   d. 8 Apr 1855, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 68 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Marriage 20 Dec 1808  Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Reference Number 24470 
    Notes 
    • Marriage Record
      Groom: Bartlett Yancey
      Bride: Nancy Graves
      Date: 20 Dec 1808
      Bondsman or Witness: Azariah Graves
      Source: Caswell County North Carolina Marriage Bonds 1778-1868, Katharine Kerr Kendall (1981) at 125

      Marriage Record
      Groom: Bartlett Yancy
      Bride: Nancy Graves
      Bond Date: 20 Dec 1808
      Bond #: 000019407
      Level Info: North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868
      ImageNum: 003071
      County: Caswell
      Record #: 01 358
      Bondsman: Azariah Graves
      Witness: Alex Murphey
      Source: Ancestry.Com North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868
    Family ID F1043  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Womack, Thomas Jefferson,   b. 13 Feb 1831, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 7 Apr 1889, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 58 years) 
    Marriage 9 Jul 1855  Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Reference Number 24542 
    Notes 
    • Marriage Record
      Groom: Thomas J. Womack
      Bride: Ann E. Yancey
      Bond or Marriage Date: 9 July 1855
      Location: Caswell County, North Carolina
      Bondsman/Witness: Thomas W. Graves
      Married By: Thomas W. Tobey, Minister of the Gospel
      Source: Caswell County, North Carolina Marriage Bonds (1778-1868), Katharine Kerr Kendall (1981) at 123.
    Children 
     1. Womack, Bartlett Yancey,   b. 12 Oct 1856, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 24 Mar 1897, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 40 years)  [Father: natural]  [Mother: natural]
     2. Womack, Nancy Graves,   b. 10 Oct 1858, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 21 Oct 1926, Danville, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 68 years)  [Father: natural]  [Mother: natural]
     3. Womack, Thomas Pancoast,   b. 26 Apr 1861, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 28 May 1916, Yanceyville, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 55 years)  [Father: natural]  [Mother: natural]
     4. Womack, Sallie Henry,   b. 22 Mar 1864, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 18 Feb 1929, Baltimore, Baltimore County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 64 years)  [Father: natural]  [Mother: natural]
    Family ID F1684  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 24 Feb 2024 

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBirth - 15 Jun 1821 - Caswell County, North Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarriage - 9 Jul 1855 - Caswell County, North Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDeath - 20 Jul 1900 - Caswell County, North Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBurial - - Yancey Family Cemetery, Yanceyville, North Carolina Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Documents
    Yancey Family
    Yancey Family

  • Notes 
    • Ann Elizabeth Yancey (1821-1900)

      Thomas J. Womack Family (1857)

      Yancey Family

      (for larger image, click on photograph)
      _______________

      Thomas Jefferson Womack (1831-1889), Ann Elizabeth Yancey Womack (1821-1900), and Bartlett Yancey Womack (1856-1897). Portrait by William Anderson Roberts in 1857.
      _______________

      "How Thomas Pancoast Womack Received His Middle Name" by M. Q. Plumblee

      Annie Elizabeth Yancey was born in Caswell County, N.C. on June 15, 1821, and was the sixth child of Bartlett (1785-1828) and Nancy Graves (1786-1855) Yancey. During her early childhood she suffered the common diseases of children. As a young child her health was very poor, so much so that she was unable to attend school. Her entire formal training amounted to only nine months. Annie Elizabeth was blessed with a brilliant mind, was an avid reader, and was eager to learn. It was said that she read all of her father's law books through several times. Medical books were also available to her and she read them. She was determined to learn.

      The disease which haunted her for many years was diagnosed as inflammatory rheumatism. This plagued the child for quite a long period of time. Her doctor tried about every medicine available to him at that time. It was the decision of the doctor, and agreed to by the family, that the patient should be salivated. This was accomplished by giving the patient heavy doses of calomel. Following the treatment the patient contracted what was called "Ozena." Her skin and flesh appeared to be in a state of decay. Her condition became critical. The flesh was in such a condition that her nose dropped off. Survival seemed to be almost miraculous. Of course, loss of her nose greatly disfigured the face. As a young girl and woman, Annie Elizabeth became greatly distressed about the deformity. It grew upon her and she became terribly depressed. No doubt she was self-conscious and avoided people when possible. As a young woman, life became almost unbearable. Often she felt the urge to walk a few yards east, sit on the stone mourner's bench, surrounded by rock walls shaded by the cedars, and among those who had passed, cry over he oppressive burdens. She fully decided that she "could not go through life in that condition." When she arrived at the age to make decisions, it was agreed that she should go to a surgeon in Philadelphia for what we call today plastic surgery.

      After careful study by the doctors and surgeon, she was told that they could take flesh and skin from her arm or forehead and make a nose for her. Annie Elizabeth objected to taking it from the arm on the premise that this might affect her ability to use it. The doctor then asked if she would agree for the transplant to be taken from her forehead. That seeming to be the best solution, the patient agreed. During the entire operation, she watched the procedure through a set of mirrors, and without modern-day anesthetic. Silver tubes were used to hold the nose in proper shape and to serve as nostrils.

      This brought a reawakening to her. It changed her life. Happiness and contentment were again part of her. Life became meaningful. She was truly happy.

      Following the death of her mother, and at age 34, Annie Elizabeth and Thomas Jefferson Womack were married. Secret aspirations became a reality. The fulfillment of love and gratitude filled her heart. She looked forward to children. Their first was a boy and they named him Bartlett Yancey for his late grandfather. Today a large portrait of the three by Roberts is on display at the home of Miss Annie Yancey Gwyn, a favorite cousin of the Womack family. By deduction and some research, the painter has been identified as William Anderson Roberts (1837-1899). He was a famous artist, a nearby neighbor, and at age 20, painted the portrait of the three in 1857. This was his third commercially painted portrait for which he was paid $60. In that portrait the lifetime scar on Mrs. Womack's forehead was almost obscured by the brush. A picture of the portrait may be examined by turning to page 418 in When the Past Refused to Die, A History of Caswell County 1777-1977 by William S. Powell.

      In Annie Elizabeth's adult life she assisted with community problems, assumed civic responsibilities, even the performance of marriages, especially for slaves. When doctors could not be secured she was called into service.

      The Womacks had three other children -- Sally Henry, Nancy and Thomas Pancoast, who was named for his father and the famous surgeon who performed the operation on his mother's nose. Today there is a large Medical Foundation and a Pancoast Surgical Procedure, both so named in memory of the famous surgeon.

      Editor's Note: In so far as is known, the foregoing story has never been placed in writing. Since it is impressive, touching, and of human interest, it appears that it should be recorded for posterity. The essential facts were told to the writer several years ago, and more recently by request. Miss Annie Yancey Gwyn tells it in a most dramatic way. She is a close relative of the principal character. Miss Gwyn taught for several years, is a graduate nurse, was a member of Base Hospital #45 and served in France during World War I. Despite a serious traffic accident in recent years, she goes about her household duties with a chipper tempo, has passed her 89th birthday, and her mind is a clear as a bell.

      Source: Newsletter of the Caswell County Historical Association, Volume III, Number 2 (April 1980).
      _______________

      Joseph Pancoast (November 23, 1805 - March 6, 1882) was a renowned American surgeon. His name is eponymic to the practice of surgery, in general, and plastic surgery, in particular. Pancoast was responsible for many seminal advancements in surgery that he described, and were depicted graphically, in numerous scholarly articles and books. His greatest work, A Treatise on Operative Surgery, was published in 1844. He was also famous for his lectures and clinics in anatomy and surgery.

      Pancoast was born of Quaker parentage at Springfield Township, Burlington County, New Jersey, the son of John Pancoast (1771 - 1841) and Lucy Abbott, his wife. Joseph Pancoast married Rebecca Abbott.

      In 1828, Pancoast was awarded a degree in medicine by the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. From 1839 to 1841, he was Chairman of the Department of Surgery at Jefferson Medical College. From 1841 until his resignation in 1874, Pancoast was Chairman of the Department of Anatomy at the same institution. He was succeeded by his son, William Henry Pancoast, who was also a renowned surgeon.

      Source: "Joseph Pancoast." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 11 Jul. 2016. Web. 20 Jul. 2016.
      _______________

      1850 United States Federal Census
      Name: Ann E Gancarz [Yancey]
      Age: 29
      Estimated birth year: abt 1821
      Birth Place: North Carolina
      Gender: Female
      Home in 1850 (City,County,State): Caswell, North Carolina
      Family Number: 380
      Household Members: Name Age
      Ann Gancarz [Yancey] 63
      Ann E Gancarz [Yancey] 29
      Francis McAden 10

      1880 US Census Record
      Name: A. E. Y. Womack
      Age: 59
      Estimated birth year: 1821
      Birthplace: North Carolina
      Relationship to head-of-household: Wife
      Home in 1880: Yanceyville, Caswell, North Carolina
      Marital status: Married
      Race: White
      Gender: Female
      Spouse's name: T. J. Womack
      Father's birthplace: NC
      Mother's birthplace: NC

      Name: Ann Elizabeth Yancey
      Spouse: Thomas J Womack
      Parents: Bartlett Yancey , Nancy Graves
      Birth Place: Caswell County, NC
      Birth Date: 15 June 1821
      Marriage Date: 1843
      Death Date: 1847 [incorrect per her gravestone]
      Source: Edmund West, comp. Family Data Collection - Individual Records. [database online] Provo, UT: Ancestry.com, 2000.

      An 1857 portrait by William Anderson Roberts shows an infant Bartlett Yancey Womack with his parents, Thomas J. Womack and Anne Elizabeth Yancey. See: When the Past Refused to Die: A History of Caswell County North Carolina 1777-1977, William S. Powell (1977), which is available for purchase at the CCHA.

      Womack Family Portrait.
      _______________

      The 1855 estate inventory for Nancy Graves Yancey includes $190 in notes owed by Thomas day from 1853 to 1855. Ann willed the house to her daughter Ann Elizabeth, who married Thomas Womack later that year. Possibly Day cleared the debt by executing the architectural woodwork for the two-story 1856 Greek Revival addition built by the couple shortly after their marriage.

      Source: Thomas Day: Master Craftsman and Free Man of Color, Patricia Phillips Marshall and Jo Ramsay Leimenstoll (2010) at 248 (footnote 32).

  • Sources 
    1. Details: The Yancey Family Surname Resource Center.

    2. Details: Caswell County, North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1778-1868, Katharine Kerr Kendall (1981) at 123.