Caswell County Genealogy
 

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Baynes, Archibald

Male 1808 - 1882  (73 years)


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  • Name Baynes, Archibald  [1, 2
    Birth 10 Oct 1808  Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    Gender Male 
    Reference Number 14763 
    Death 1882  Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Person ID I14480  Caswell County
    Last Modified 13 Oct 2023 

    Father Baynes, Thornton,   b. 3 Mar 1774, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 14 Sep 1853, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 79 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Taylor, Lillie,   b. 1781   d. 14 Sep 1863 (Age 82 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Marriage Abt 1804  Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Reference Number 194715 
    Family ID F6043  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Morton, Barbara H.,   b. 23 Oct 1821   d. 31 Jul 1896 (Age 74 years) 
    Marriage 22 Feb 1840  Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 6
    Reference Number 176917 
    Notes 
    • Marriage Record
      Groom: Archibald Baynes
      Bride: Barbary Morton
      Bond Date: 22 February 1840
      Bondsman/Witness: David M. Murray
      Location: Caswell County, North Carolina
      Source: Caswell County, North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1778-1868, Katharine Kerr Kendall (1981) at 4.
    Family ID F6992  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 13 Oct 2023 

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBirth - 10 Oct 1808 - Caswell County, North Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarriage - 22 Feb 1840 - Caswell County, North Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDeath - 1882 - Caswell County, North Carolina Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Newspapers
    Archibald Baynes Convicted of Murder. Wilmington Daily Dispatch (Wilmington, NC), 7 March 1866
    Archibald Baynes Convicted of Murder. Wilmington Daily Dispatch (Wilmington, NC), 7 March 1866

  • Notes 
    • Archibald Baynes (1808-1882)

      Baynes Archibald

      Baynes Archibald (closeup)

      (for larger image, click on photograph)
      _______________

      One source shows his name as Archie A. Baynes. See: The Heritage of Caswell County, North Carolina, Jeannine D. Whitlow, Editor (1985) at 505-506 (Article #692 "Martha Elizabeth Baynes Stanfield" by Cynthia B. Howle). Also note the Archie Baynes in this database who married Dora Snipes. There also is Archie A. Baynes (born 1857) who is shown in this database as a son on Thornton Yancey Baynes and Elizabeth B. Willis Patillo.

      He certainly was dead by 11 February 1896, is the date of his wife's will (Barbara H. Morton Baynes).

      One researcher states that the Archibald Baynes who married Barbara H. Morton was convicted of murdering a former slave and may have been sentenced to hang. To see the full story go to: Vincent Lea Morton.

      The Murder of Former Slave Manuel

      For ten years Manuel had been a slave of Archibald Baynes, a planter in Caswell County, North Carolina. With emancipation, Manuel became a contract laborer. After several months of work he went to Baynes and asked for his wages, which were refused. After some words Manuel walked away and his employer shot him in the back, killing him almost instantly. Baynes was tried by a court of the occupying Union army and sentenced to hang.

      A large number of local politicians and neighbors petitioned President Andrew Johnson, describing Baynes as a pillar of community and citing the state law whereby the "insolence by a colored person" should be regarded as a battery. The president referred the case to Judge Advocate General Joseph Holt, whose blistering opinion branded the crime as cold-blooded murder, the defense testimony as perjured nonsense, and the state law on "insolence" as not only wrong but also unsupported by testimony. The death sentence was approved, but apparently never carried out.

      So far the story has been interesting, albeit tragic. It gets better.

      The Archibald Baynes in question could be the person who married Barbara H. Morton, whose Caswell County will is dated 11 February 1896. This Archibald Baynes was born 10 October 1808 and died in 1882, all in Caswell County, North Carolina. That he owned slaves is well-documented.

      In her will of 11 February 1896, the widow of Archibald Baynes (Barbara H. Morton Baynes) made the following bequest:

      I give and bequeath and devise to the said Henry Baynes (Col) and Eliza Ann Richmond (Col) my House and land situated in Leasburg and also the forty acres of land adjoining the land of V L Morton and others , to be divided as follows: Henry Baynes (Col) shall have the east room, and the room above it and the basement under said east room, in my Dwelling house. Eliza Ann Richmond (Col) shall have all the balance of the Dwelling house and all the out houses, Except the stables which shall be for their equal use. And Henry Baynes (Col) and Eliza Ann Richmond (Col) shall have equal rights and benefits of the said land in the Town of Leasburg and also the forth acres.

      Barbara H. Morton Baynes also left to Henry Baynes (Col) and Eliza Ann Richmond (Col) the residue of her personal estate.

      Who were Henry Baynes and Eliza Ann Richmond? Were they former slaves? Were they former slaves who became household employees (servants). They were not husband and wife because the will made provisions should Eliza Ann Richmond ever marry. Were they related at all? Was one (or both) a child of the murdered slave Manuel? Was the restitution for the murder of the father?
      _______________

      Name in the 1860 US Census (Caswell County, North Carolina) is shown as A. B. Baynes. He had $54,000 in real property and $10,000 in personal property (presumably slaves). He also was illiterate, which was not unusual in 1860.

      1850 United States Federal Census
      Name: Archibald Baynes
      Age: 41
      Estimated birth year: abt 1809
      Birth Place: North Carolina
      Gender: Male
      Home in 1850 (City,County,State): Caswell, North Carolina
      Family Number: 373
      Household Members: Name Age
      Archibald Baynes 41
      Barbary Baynes 26
      Alexander Graham 10

      1860 US Census
      Name: A B Baynes
      Age in 1860: 52
      Birth Year: abt 1808
      Birthplace: North Carolina
      Home in 1860: Not Stated, Caswell, North Carolina
      Gender: Male
      Post Office: Yanceyville
      Value of real estate: $54,000
      Household Members: Name Age
      A B Baynes 52
      B Baynes 36

      1880 US Census
      Name: Acha Baynes
      Home in 1880: Anderson, Caswell, North Carolina
      Age: 71
      Estimated birth year: abt 1809
      Birthplace: North Carolina
      Relation to head-of-household: Self (Head)
      Spouse's name: Barbrey
      Father's birthplace: NC
      Mother's birthplace: NC
      Occupation: Farmer
      Marital Status: Married
      Race: White
      Gender: Male
      Cannot read/write:
      Household Members: Name Age
      Acha Baynes 71
      Barbrey Baynes 58
      Mandy Baynes 16 [niece]
      John McCrachin 40 [servant]
      Zack Richmond 26 [servant]
      Eliza Richmond 28 [servant]
      Hiry Richmond 21 [servant]
      Lucrcie Richmond 19 [servant]
      James Richmond 8 [servant]

  • Sources 
    1. Details: 1850 US Federal Census.

    2. Details: At the Foot of the Lake: The Pattillo-Patillo Family and Allied Lines, Millard Quentin Plumblee (1987) at 181-182.

    3. Details: At the Foot of the Lake: The Pattillo-Patillo Family and Allied Lines, Millard Quentin Plumblee (1987) at 182.

    4. Details: Sidney Yancey Baynes Bible.

    5. Details: Yancey Family Genealogical Database.

    6. Details: Caswell County, North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1778-1868, Katharine Kerr Kendall (1981) at 4.