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Richmond, Caleb Hazard

Richmond, Caleb Hazard

Male 1805 - 1861  (56 years)

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  • Name Richmond, Caleb Hazard  [1
    Birth 1 Jan 1805  Newport, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Reference Number 10784 
    Death 20 Jun 1861  Milton, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Person ID I10590  Caswell County
    Last Modified 16 Apr 2024 

    Father Richmond, Nathaniel,   b. Abt 1768 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Hazard, Mary,   b. Abt 1773 
    Relationship natural 
    Reference Number 578091 
    Family ID F5371  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Rainey, Ann Samuel,   b. 16 Sep 1810   d. 17 Feb 1836, Milton, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 25 years) 
    Marriage 11 Apr 1830  Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Reference Number 104035 
    Notes 
    • Marriage Record
      Groom: Caleb H. Richmond
      Bride: Ann S. Rainey
      Date of Bond: 11 April 1830
      Bondsman/Witness: George W. Clibourn
      Source: Caswell County, North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1778-1868, Katharine Kerr Kendall (1981) at 88
    Children 
    +1. Richmond, Mary Dabney,   b. 22 Mar 1830, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 11 Apr 1911 (Age 81 years)  [Father: natural]  [Mother: natural]
     2. Richmond, James R.,   b. 10 May 1832, Milton, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 1 Jul 1853, Milton, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 21 years)  [Father: natural]  [Mother: natural]
     3. Richmond, Josiah,   b. 5 Feb 1836, Milton, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 5 Aug 1859, Milton, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 23 years)  [Father: natural]  [Mother: natural]
    Family ID F5370  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 16 Apr 2024 

    Family 2 Dodson, Mary Randolph,   b. 5 May 1810, Granville County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 7 Feb 1887, Milton, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 76 years) 
    Marriage 28 Sep 1838  Milton, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Reference Number 77916 
    Notes 
    • Marriage Record
      Groom: Caleb H. Richmond
      Bride: Mary R. Dodson
      Bond Date: 28 Sep 1838
      Bondsman/Witness: John K. Graves
      Source: Caswell County, North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1778-1868, Katharine Kerr Kendall (1981) at 88
    Children 
     1. Richmond, Stephen Dodson,   b. 31 Jul 1839, Milton, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 10 May 1862 (Age 22 years)  [Father: natural]  [Mother: natural]
    +2. Richmond, Ellen Ella,   b. 28 Dec 1840, Milton, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 27 May 1900, Milton, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 59 years)  [Father: natural]  [Mother: natural]
    +3. Richmond, Caleb Hazard Jr.,   b. 17 Jan 1843, Milton, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 4 Apr 1923, Milton, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 80 years)  [Father: natural]  [Mother: natural]
    +4. Richmond, George Gilbert,   b. 6 Dec 1844, Milton, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 18 Dec 1929, Concord, Cabarrus County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 85 years)  [Father: natural]  [Mother: natural]
     5. Richmond, Lucy Ann,   b. 2 Dec 1846, Milton, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 19 Nov 1921, Concord, Cabarrus County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 74 years)  [Father: natural]  [Mother: natural]
    +6. Richmond, Nathaniel Monford Sr.,   b. 29 Dec 1848, Milton, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 10 Sep 1897, Milton, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 48 years)  [Father: natural]  [Mother: natural]
     7. Richmond, Anthony H.,   b. 4 Nov 1853, Milton, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 14 May 1858, Milton, Caswell County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 4 years)  [Father: natural]  [Mother: natural]
    Family ID F5369  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 16 Apr 2024 

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBirth - 1 Jan 1805 - Newport, Rhode Island Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarriage - 11 Apr 1830 - Caswell County, North Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarriage - 28 Sep 1838 - Milton, Caswell County, North Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDeath - 20 Jun 1861 - Milton, Caswell County, North Carolina Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    Woodside National Register Plaque
    Woodside National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form Photograph 1985
    Woodside After Restoration
    Caleb Hazard Richmond

    Newspapers
    Caleb Hazard Richmond Thrashing Machine Sales. The Greensboro Patriot (Greensboro, NC), 25 June 1839
    Rainey Thrashing Machine Sales. The Milton Chronicle (Milton, NC), 4 July 1850

  • Notes 
    • Caleb Hazard Richmond (1805-1861)

      Caleb Hazard Richmond

      Woodside House (near Milton, North Carolina)

      Rainey Thrashing Machines 1850

      Caleb Hazard Richmond Thrashing Machine Sales

      Thomas Day Furniture

      (for larger image, click on photograph)
      _______________

      First Photograph: Caleb Hazard Richmomd

      Second Photograph: "Woodside" National Register of Historic Places Plaque

      Third Photograph: Rainey Thrashing Machine 1850: The Milton Chronicle (Milton, North Carolina), Thursday, 4 July 1850.

      Fourth Photograph: Caleb Hazard Richmond Thrashing Machine Sales. The Greensboro Patriot (Greensboro, North Carolina), 25 June 1839.

      Fifth Photograph: Thomas Day Furniture.
      _______________

      Caleb Hazard Richmond was born 1 January 1805 in Newport, Rhode Island, the son of Nathaniel Richmond (b. 1768 Newport, RI. d. 1818) and his wife, Mary Hazard (b. 23 June 1772 d. 29 April 1807). It is unknown where he was educated. He was a partner with Benjamin Avery in the Avery Plow Co. in Clarksville, Va. in 1825, and after losing the lease on their land, they moved the plow company to Milton, NC. and later to Meadsville, Halifax Co., VA. He later dissolved his partnership with Avery and returned to Milton. He purchased 216 acres of land between 1834 and 1839 and probably owned more land in later years. On 24 December 1844, the Milton Female Institute was chartered with Caleb as one of the directors.

      In 1851, the Milton Savings Institute was chartered with Caleb Richmond, John Barker Barrett and Charles R. Dodson on it's board of directors. In 1860, he had a machine shop with 4 employees that produced 2,000 plows and a foundry with 6 employees that made plow shares and plow points. He built the family home "Woodside" which has been restored as a Bed & Breakfast and was still operating as such in 1997. There is a historical marker on the grounds dedicated to Major General Stephen Dodson Ramseur who married Caleb's daughter, Ellen Elizabeth. in 1863. Examples of iron work from Caleb's foundry are found in the fences surrounding the family plots in Cedars Cemetery in Milton.

      Caleb married first on 11 April 1830, Nancy S. Rainey, in Milton, NC. Nancy was born 16 September 1808, the daughter of Judge James Rainey and his wife, Nancy. Nancy died 17 February 1836 in Milton twelve days after the birth of her 3rd child. She is buried at the Red House Presbyterian Church Cemetery in Milton beside her parents and one child.

      Caleb then married on 28 September 1838, Mary Randolph Dodson, daughter of Stephen Lewis Dodson, Sr., and his wife, Mary (Polly) Smith. Mary was born 5 May 1810 at her parent's home in Granville Co., NC. She was educated privately, fluent in several languages and talented in music and art. In 1818, her family moved to Milton, Caswell Co., NC

      Caleb Richmond died 20 June 1860 and is buried in the Cedars Cemetery along with several members of his family. Mary Randolph died 7 February 1887 and is buried beside her husband in the Cedars Cemetery.

      Source: The Charles and William Dodson Family Home Page, Jacque Bentsen Hall (Family Tree Maker Online), Accessed 17 January 2010.

      In the Red House Presbyterian Church Cemetery is found the gravestone of Nancy S. Richmond, wife of Caleb H. Richmond and daughter of James and Nancy Rainey (so reads the inscription). According to the gravestone, Nancy S. Richmond lived from 16 September 1808 to 17 February 1856. This is, however, believed to be incorrect.

      Buried nearby are two children of Caleb H. Richmond and Nancy S. Richmond:

      James R. Richmond (10 May 1832 - 1 July 1853)
      Josiah Richmond (5 Feb 1836 - 5 Aug 1859)

      And, these two sons are listed in the 1850 US Census in the household of C. H. and Mary Richmond, with ages that are not inconsistent with the cemetery records (18 and 14, respectively). But something is amiss. It most likely is the death date of Nancy S. Richmond. Instead of 17 Feb 1856 it probably is 17 Feb 1836 and that she died from complications associated with the birth of her son Josiah a few days earlier on 5 Feb 1836. Note that her husband remarried 28 September 1838.

      The next child, Stephen Dodson Richmond, would have been given the maiden name of his mother, Mary E. Dodson. This would explain the over three-year gap in children. It is likely that either the stone mason made a mistake in the death year of Nancy S. Richmond or the person who took the cemetery inventory captured the date incorrectly, which is not difficult to do on older gravestones. Note that further research indicates a mistake by the stone mason.

      "At the first North Carolina State Fair in 1853, Y. and E. P. Jones of Yanceyville won $5 and a diploma for the best specimen of manufactured chewing tobacco, while W. & J. D. Long of Caswell County received a diploma for a fine specimen of tobacco. At the second State Fair in 1854, C. H. Richmond was awarded $10 for a tobacco press." Source: The Heritage of Caswell County, North Carolina, Jeannine D. Whitlow, Editor (1985) at 70 ("Tobacco" by W. Ernest Blaylock).
      _______________

      Reverend Nehemiah Henry Harding's daughter, Priscilla Shaw Harding (1829-1870), in 1854 married Milton's long-practicing and apparently much-loved Dr. Charles Russell Dodson, M.D. (1814-1898).

      The good Dr. Dodson has a sister, Lucy Mayfield Dodson (1812-1895), who in 1833 married Jacob Able Ramseur (1808-1880), thus becoming the mother of General-to-be Stephen Dodson Ramseur (1837-1864).

      So, Dr. Charles Russell Dodson is the uncle of General Stephen Dodson Ramseur, making Priscilla Shaw Harding (daughter of Reverend Nehemiah Henry Harding) the aunt (by marriage) of the General.

      But, that is not the entire story. The good Dr. Dodson had another sister, Mary Randloph Dodson (1810-1887), who in 1838 married Caleb Hazard Richmond (1805-1861). And, of course, this couple had a beautiful daughter, Ellen Ella Richmond (1840-1900), who in 1863 married her first cousin Stephen Dodson Ramseur!

      Another sister of Dr. Charles Russell Dodson, married Andrew Motz from Lincolnton, North Carolina. Note that an Alexander Hampton (AH) Motz from Lincolnton (operated stores in Milton and Yanceyville), but have not connected the dots.
      _______________

      History of Connally United Methodist Church
      Milton, Caswell County, North Carolina

      First Connally Church

      "On October 1, 1821 one and one-third acres of land was purchased from John Pass of the County of Caswell and the state of North Carolina of the one part and Thomas Connally, William Connally, John McCain, Samuel Smith, John Smith, Newman Durham, William Chiles and Merry Maynard; trustees appointed by the Methodist Society of the other part witnesseth that the said John Pass for and in consideration of the desire he was promoting the worship of God and further consideration of one dollar to him in hand paid by the trustees aforesaid hath given, granted, bargained, and sold this land." This parcel of land was on the road leading from the Red House in Samora, N.C. to Milton, N.C. A nearby spring provided water for the church. Witness: Samuel Dunnaway and John H. McAdin (see book V, page 286 in the Register of Deeds Office in Caswell Courthouse.) According to other information obtained from the Register of Deeds Office in the Courthouse "one-fifth of an acre of land was purchased on June 28, 1824, form Charles Wilson and Jeremiah Dixon by John McAden, Jr., and John Giles, Merry Maynard, and Samuel H. Smith to add on to the land on which Connally Meeting House already stood." (See Book W, page 42 in Register of Deeds Office. The first church is remembered as a long log structure on the left side of the road near Alec Cobb's home on what was once Linsey Moore land. This information has been passed down by Connally Church members from one generation to another.

      Second Connally Church

      From records in the Courthouse, "one and one-half acres of land was purchased from Caleb Richmond by William Connally, David Elliott and others on March 29, 1855" on which to build the second Connally Church. (see Book ll, page 102 in Register of Deeds Office.) I was said Mr. Buck Connally built the second Connally Church. It was located between the first church and what later was the third church. Two known members of this second church was Mrs. Mamie Worsham Gillespie and Mrs John McCann. After a railroad was built so near this second church that the trains frightened the horses and caused them to break loose, the members decided they needed to move the church again. The second church as later used as a tobacco barn and burned.

      Third Connally Church

      On December 1, 1890 one and one-half acres of land was exchanged with Mr Nat Richmond and his wife Lizzie and Mrs Ellen A Ramseur, all of Caswell County, to Mr William Connally, David T. Elliott, James E Barker, H. T. Barker, Jasper Fleming and Sidney Stephens, trustees of Connally Church, for two acres of land on which the Third Connally Church was built. (See Book W, page 546 in Register of Deeds Office.)
      The Third and present Connally Church was completed in 1888. We have been told the third church was built by Nat Richmond and William Nichols. Thirty babies were christened the day of the first Sunday in August 1888 by Rev. J.H. Shore. Among the babies were George Evan, Lewis Gee, Robert Nichols and Ora Reagan. There is a rather large cemetery at the present Connally church which at this time (1998) is kept in good condition.

      As far as information is available following is a list of the early Ministers who have served Connally Church:

      James R. Nicholson 1845
      Soloman Lea 1865
      Rev Foggs
      Rev Earnhart
      John H. Shore 1888
      L. L. Nash 1890
      John H. Shore 1890-94
      E. E. Rose 1894-95
      W. M. Moore 1890-96
      E. W. Fox 1896-98
      N. C. Yearly 1900-02
      J. A. Dailey 1902-06
      T. S. Ellers 1911-12
      S. F. Nicks 1912-15
      J. E. Blalock 1915-19

      Source: Caswell County NC GenWeb Archives

      Connally United Methodist Church
      _______________

      Caleb Hazard Richmond was born around 1 January 1805 in Newport, R.I. His parents were Nathaniel Richmond (b. ca. 1768) and Mary Hazard (b. ca. 1773). Caleb Hazard Richmond married his first wife Ann Samuel (Nancy) Rainey of Milton, N.C., on 11 April 1830; the couple had three children. After his first wife died on 17 February 1836, Richmond married Mary Randolph Dodson of Granville, N.C., on 28 September 1838. They had seven children. Richmond died 20 June 1861. Materials include contracts, notes, deeds, and other items relating to Caleb Hazard Richmond.

      Source: Caswell County Historical Association Collection (1791-2000s), The Southern Historical Collection at the Louis Round Wilson Special Collections Library (University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina).
      _______________

      The owners of the homes in which Thomas Day's architectural woodwork is found constituted some of the wealthiest and most powerful individuals in the Dan River region: physician John Tab Garland, M.D., at one time the richest man in Caswell County (1850s and 1860s); banker and civic leader Thomas Donoho Johnston; machine shop, foundry, and sawmill owner Caleb Richmond; state senator James Kerr; merchant and tobacco factory owner John Wilson; planters William Long (also the owner of a sawmill and gristmill), Sidney Lea, George Williamson, Haywood Williams, Thomas Mumford McGehee, and William H. Holderness.

      Family relationships among the planters enhanced the demand for Thomas-Day-made architectural trim work. Thomas Donoho Johnston built Clarendon Hall in 1842 and tapped Day to embellish the interior; when his sister and brother-in-law, Sarah and William Long, built the Long House in 1856, they, too, turned to Day. Day provided the architectural woodwork for the house of Captain Carter Powell around 1848 and that of his son Henry Alexander Powell less than a decade later. Thomas L. Lea and his siblings Sidney S. Lea and Rebecca Lea (Mrs. George Williamson), his niece Elizabeth Lea (Mrs. Calvin Graves), and his daughter Ann Lea (Mrs. William Griffin Graves) provided Day the opportunity to do the woodwork on a law office and four of their five houses between 1840 and 1850.

      The woodwork suggests the Carter Powell house was built around 1848 rather than the more often cited 1850. Day's machine-cut newels with tendrils date Henry Powell's house to 1853-1855. Day's work for Elizabeth Lea and Calvin Graves was not on their house, as it was built several years earlier, but on Calvin's law office, for which Day supplied the mantel. For a discussion of this family, see Whitlow, "Thomas L. Lea," in Heritage of Caswell County, 354.

      Source: Thomas Day: Master Craftsman and Free Man of Color, Patricia Phillips Marshall and Jo Ramsay Leimenstoll (2010) at 134-135 and 246 (footnote 10).
      ________________

      Caleb Hazard Richmond (1805-1861) also was in the mill business, having erected a mill dam and flooding ten acres.

      Caswell County Deed Book EE, Page 428

      William Tulloh to Caleb H. Richmond, both of Caswell County, for $20, 10 acres on Mill Creek which Richmond has covered with water by erecting a mill dam. 10 February 1839. Witnesses: Richard Dilworth, Clark Vowell.
      _______________

      In 1855 James D. Newsom (who owned mills in Milton, NC) brought suit in the Wake County North Carolina Equity Court against John B. Barrett and Caleb H. Richmond. Neither the basis of the suit nor the outcome is known.

      John B. Barrett may be John Barker Barrett (1819-1900).

      Caleb H. Richmond may be Caleb Hazard Richmond (1805-1861).

      John Barker Barrett and Caleb Hazard Richmond married sisters: Rebecca Harvey Dodson (1825-1911) and Mary Randolph Dodson (1810-1887), respectively.

      Another sister, Lucy Mayfield Dodson (1812-1895) married Jacob Able Ramseur (1808-1880). Their first son is General Stephen Dodson Ramseur (1837-1864), who married Ellen Ella Richmond (1840-1900), eldest daughter of Caleb Hazard Richmond and Mary Randolph Dodson. Confused yet?

      Yes, General Stephen Dodson Ramseur married his maternal first cousin.

      Caleb Hazard Richmond built "Woodside" in Milton, Caswell County, North Carolina.
      ________________




  • Sources 
    1. Details: Rainey Family Letters (1861 and 1911).